In February 2013, an aerial total count of large-medium mammals and human activities was carried out over the entire Toro-Semliki wildlife reserve, Semliki Flats and Rwengara area, by Uganda Wildlife Authority.

This was the 5th known aerial survey to have been undertaken in this area. Results showed a steady recovery of wildlife in Toro-Semliki WR which could be attributed to the intensive management efforts by the reserve staffs on ground and the concessionaire. This entails that management strategies to remove cattle grazing and curb poaching are working.
The survey shows that there has been recovery of wildlife in the reserve area especially the Uganda kob, though the numbers are still way too below their population status of the 1960's. Buffalos and warthogs are the other species tending to recover in relation to previous years.

A total of 323 were seen and counted in the reserve during the survey exercise. Most of these were sighted in the woodlands and were in herds along River Wasa.

During the survey, a total of 33 elephants were sighted and counted in the reserve and they were mainly spread in the central area of the reserve along the river line forest.

The Uganda kobs were uniformly distributed over the entire Reserve area in both the woodland and savanna areas. A total of 2,831 kobs were counted in the Reserve area while only 32 individual kobs were counted in the Rwengara Community Wildlife Area.

The distribution of warthogs was mostly in the central and north eastern part of the reserve with a total of 171 individual counted and recorded.

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