Key states along the illegal ivory value chain have committed to urgent measures to halt
the illegal trade and secure elephant populations across Africa. The agreement was
reached at the African Elephant Summit convened by the government of Botswana and
IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
The Summit is the first-ever meeting focusing on the dynamics of the entire ivory value
chain. The measures were agreed on by key African Elephant range states including
Gabon, Kenya, Uganda,
Niger and Zambia, ivory transit states Viet Nam, Philippines and
Malaysia and ivory destination states, including China and Thailand.
"Our window of opportunity to tackle the growing illegal ivory trade is closing and if we do
not stem the tide, future generations will condemn our unwillingness to act," says H.E.
Lieutenant General Seretse Khama Ian Khama, President of the Republic of Botswana.
"Now is the time for Africa and Asia to join forces to protect this universally valued and
much needed species."
One of the 14 measures the delegates committed to involves classifying wildlife trafficking
as a "serious crime". This will unlock international law enforcement cooperation provided
under the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, including
mutual legal assistance, asset seizure and forfeiture, extradition and other tools to hold
criminals accountable for wildlife crime.
Other measures agreed include engaging communities living with elephants in their
conservation, strengthening national laws to secure maximum wildlife crime sentences,
mobilizing financial and technical resources to combat wildlife crime and reducing demand
for illegal ivory.
"We are very pleased with the result of the Summit, especially as it involves some of the
most important countries along the illegal ivory value chain," says IUCN Director General
Julia Marton-Lefèvre. "We hope that these outcomes will go beyond the Summit's focus on
African Elephants and boost broader efforts to combat illegal wildlife trade in other species
which have been threatened by it, such as rhinos and pangolins."
2011 saw the highest levels of poaching and illegal ivory trade in at least 16 years and
2012 shows no signs of abating. According to preliminary data, even higher levels of illicit
trade may be reached in 2013. Eighteen large scale seizures involving over 40 tonnes
have been recorded so far this year, which represents the greatest quantity of ivory seized
over the last 25 years. Poverty and corruption, as well as increasing demand from Asia are
the principle drivers of poaching and the illegal ivory trade.
The African Elephant (Loxodonta africana), the world's largest terrestrial mammal, is
currently listed as Vulnerable on The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™, with a
population estimate of around 500,000 animals.
The African Elephant Summit was organized with the financial support of the UK
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the German Government, the US
Agency for International Development, the African Development Bank and the World Bank.
In an effort to involve communities in solving human-wildlife conflict (HWC) around Murchison Falls Protected Area (MFPA), the USAID/Uganda Tourism for Biodiversity Program, implemented by African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), has invested US$11,000 in partnership with the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) to develop a Community Wildlife Scouts program, including providing equipment worth over $2,800. The equipment, which includes garden gloves, buckets, nose-masks, vuvuzella, bells, whistles, hoes, pick axes, spades, gumboots, raincoats, torches, and water bottles, was handed over to 122 wildlife scouts, most of whom are youth, who underwent a two day training in problem animal management with an emphasis on elephants. The handover ceremony took place in Ayago – Koch Goma Sub-county, at the boundary of Murchison Falls National Park and was presided over by Mr. Kaddu Sebunya, Director AWF Uganda Program, and Mr. Tom Okello, Conservation Area Manager of Murchison Falls National Park.
While addressing the scouts, Mr. Okello thanked community members for their role in wildlife conservation and singled out George Okeny, the scouts' leader, who gave UWA a portion of his land in 2008 to construct a ranger post to address wildlife raids, which were frequent in Ayago. He also applauded AWF's partnership, especially in training and equipping the scouts. Mr. Sebunya emphasized that AWF's support to the community was due to their commendable conservation work with UWA. He said that AWF and UWA are modeling such efforts to be replicated all over the country. The scouts expressed their appreciation for the support and stressed the need to address transport challenges and start income generating projects for the group. The group has already dug a 32-kilometer long elephant trench to prevent elephant raids.
The Community Wildlife Scouts (CWS) program was started by UWA as part of their strategy to expand various human wildlife conflict mitigations. Community representatives and volunteer youths/scouts were mobilized to chase away invading elephants from community gardens through simple, inexpensive methods including increased vigilance, beating tins and drums, blowing whistles and vuvuzela, application of pepper, setting fires, and applying other traditional methods in an organized manner. These methods have helped in controlling crop raids in the areas where they are implemented.
The community carries scars of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) conflict, which were still evident in Ayago Sub-county after peace returned to the area. When the community returned to their homes after the conflict ended, they found that the warlords had extensively poached wildlife in the park. For example, in the Ayago River, only two hippos remained; but with community's protection, the population has grown to over 23 hippos. The scouts have also helped UWA to reduce the need for ranger presence and patrol. In 2008, UWA stationed 14 rangers in the area; but with less acute human wildlife conflict, this has been reduced to three rangers, which saves the UWA approximately 15 million Ugandan shillings annually on operational costs, food rations, transport, patrol and supervision.
Crop raiding by elephants is currently the major cause of human-wildlife conflict due to increasing human population and the growing numbers of settlements close to protected areas that were "off limits" during the LRA insurgency. With the current rate of settlement and the growing demand for access to land, it is clear that while human wildlife conflicts around the Murchison Falls Protected Area are still growing, involving communities through programs such as this will go a long way in providing a sustainable solution. The equipment that the Tourism for Biodiversity project provided will undoubtedly increase the scouts' motivation and help them to achieve their goal of reducing human-wildlife conflict in the Ayago – Koch Goma Sub-county area.
Left: Scouts demonstrate how they apply pepper mixture at the park boundary to scare away elephants from raiding community crops. Middle: Scouts show how elephant deterrents are applied.
Right: George Okeny, the scouts' leader, addressing UWA and AWF officials.
Uganda Wildlife Authority has offered discounted rates for the gorilla permits to enable more visitors to track the most sought after apes during the festive season.
According to UWA management, the cost of the permit for the permit will be USD 350 for Foreign Non Residents, USD 300 for Foreign residents and UGX 150,000 for the East Africans.
The promotion will run in November 2013,April and May 2014. For details visit the UWA website .
Uganda Wildlife Authority had a rare opportunity to showcase her unique attractions and investment opportunities to the residents of Kampala and beyond during the splashy Kampala festival 2013.
The UWA branded coaster acted as the UWA floater with the marketing gurus displaying literature about the national parks and game reserves.
The mountain gorilla actors were the biggest attraction with many dwellers scrambling to pose pictures with them. Kampala festival is an annual event which attracts hundreds of leading companies both private and public to showcase their products and services.
Uganda Wildlife Authority in collaboration with sister security agencies have intensified the crack down on the illegal trade in ivory in the countryside and the major entry and exit points.
Uganda will be participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) to held in London, UK, from 4-7 Nov, 2013.
Uganda Wildlife Authority will be represented by the Director of Tourism development and Business Services Mr. Raymond Engena and the Marketing Manager Ms Ingrid Nyonza Nyakabwa among others.WTM is a leading global event for the travel industry
The Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities in partnership with the Ministry Agencies of Uganda Wildlife Authority, Uganda Tourism Board, Uganda Wildlife Education Centre and AUTO embarked on a Journey " Miss Tourism Uganda 2013" also known as the "Pearl of Uganda," to transform Uganda's Tourism through beauty, to provide the best chance to establish, enhance the image and brand of the country by drawing the attention of the consumer; the Tourist.
Uganda Wildlife Authority Executive Director, Dr. Andrew Seguya, was among the experts who attended and made a presentation at the international conference on Mountains and climate change in Lecco, Italy October 23-25th,2013.
The Big Birding Day 2013 was jointly organised by the Nature Uganda, Uganda Wildlife Authority and other partners including Diary of a Muzungu, Guide 2 Uganda and Uganda/USAID Tourism For Biodiversity Project. The Sponsors included Rwenzori Bottling Company, Pride Micro Finance and the National Forestry Authority .
The Gorilla doctors this month made a timely intervention to rescue Nyakagezi Gorilla family in Mgahinga National Park of the fast spreading respiratory infections.